White Coats + AI: The Modern Human + Machine Recipe
It is a thought-provoking (and oddly concerning) message, but it isn’t much of an exaggeration.
|Figure 2: AI can help identify non-traditional subgroups with similar features that can then aid in personalizing treatment.
AI, then, has the potential for minimizing missed diagnoses or other red flags, for optimizing a physician’s time, and for producing better outcomes throughout American healthcare in general. A 2015 article about Machine Learning in Medicine takes this possibility one step further, stating that “deep learning might actually realize the elusive goal of reclassifying patients according to more homogenous subgroups, with shared pathophysiology, and the potential of shared response to therapy” (Figure 2). With these implementations, AI and physicians can work together in an augmented, symbiotic relationship to deliver more personalized, effective, and medically accurate care.
What are the implications of this study—beyond making clear that our current practices are insufficient? Could AI’s ability to reidentify information be expanded to apply to other forms of protected medical information?
Who is responsible for ensuring the integrity of AI? (The founders and programmers at OpenAI attempted to answer this by withholding their program this month from being released publicly, in fear of its misuse.) How can we test these programs to ensure an adherence to neutrality—to the ethical standards we currently hold our medical professionals to? How do we train our physicians to understand how these models function and to guard against healthcare’s ultimate reliance on AI? Will social disparities in healthcare delivery arise as certain regions of the world are able to implement AI faster and more efficiently than others?
Sunidhi Ramesh is a medical student at the Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University and the Co-Managing Editor of The Neuroethics Blog. She recently graduated from Emory University and holds degrees in both Neuroscience and Sociology. Her interest in neuroethics was sparked by a summer abroad program in Paris; it was here that she was introduced to what proved to be a field that connected all of her interests (human diversity, education, ethics, medicine, neuroscience, and writing) together.
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Ramesh, S. (2019). White Coats + AI: The Modern Human + Machine Recipe. The Neuroethics Blog. Retrieved on , from http://www.theneuroethicsblog.com/2019/03/white-coats-ai-modern-human-machine.html